Person NameCromwell; Oliver (1599-1658); Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland (1653-1658)
TitleLord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland (1653-1658)
ActivityCromwell's family was descended from the sister of Henry VIII's Chief Minister Thomas Cromwell. Thus his family was respectable and firmly in the class of the minor gentry, however his family was somewhat poor and he was forced to sell his freehold land to live as a tenant of Henry Lawrence in St Ives. When his uncle died in 1636 Cromwell became a tithe collector in Ely and returned to a more profitable existence. Thus until the Civil War Cromwell was a largely representative member of the minor gentry who had fluctuations in fortune, his chief occupations being a landowner and serving a short stint in parliament. Cromwell is best-known however as a famed military commander, parliamentarian, staunch Puritan and ultimately took the office of Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, an authoritarian position which was in essence monarchy in all but name as he attempted to ensure his son Richard succeeded to the office. He is one of the most controversial figures in English History, variously being seen as a dictator, an unspeakably brutal conqueror, and a freedom fighter struggling for liberty from a tyrannical monarch.
RelationshipsFather: Robert Cromwell (1560-1617)
Mother: Elizabeth Steward (c.1565-1654)
Spouse: Elizabeth Bourchier (c.1597-c.1665)
Chilren: Robert Cromwell (1621-1639)
Oliver Cromwell (1622-1644)
Bridget Cromwell (1624-1681)
Richard Cromwell (1626-1712)
Henry Cromwell (1628-1674)
Elizabeth Cromwell (1629-1658)
James Cromwell (1632-1632)
Mary Cromwell (1637-1713)
Frances Cromwell (1638-1720)
Linked entries in the catalogue
KHP46/30/6/28Oliver Cromwell
KAcc731/G/63Oliver Cromwell to Col. Norton; further plans for the above marriage discussed with Mr Major
KAcc731/H/164Printed engraving of a bust of Oliver Cromwell
KAcc731/K/194A Modest Vindication of Oliver Cromwell; anon.
KAcc731/A/8Warrant of Oliver Cromwell to Colonel Robert Gibbon of Jersey
KWH/10/15Copy of Oliver Cromwell's baptism entry 1599 from St John's parish register.
KAcc731/L/203Life of Oliver Cromwell by William Harris; printed, London.
KCON/7/10/2Letter from Thomas Maynard, British Consul at Lisbon, to Sir Richard Fanshaw, British Ambassador there.
KAcc731/H/143Account concerning the Lord Protector's plate
KAcc731/K/196A Few Anecdotes and Observations relating to Oliver Cromwell and his Family, by Sir John Burrow.
KAcc731/K/189Acts for Assessment of Subsidy
KHP46/30/6/29Cromwell at Ripley Castle
KAcc4577/3/8Cromwell statue, St Ives (photograph or postcard).
KHP46/30/6/27Oliver Cromwell
KHP46/30/6/30Cromwell at Marston Moor
KHAC3/3088/18Oliver Cromwell – his life in Huntingdon
KAcc731/K/186Declaration for a Day of Fasting.
KAcc4577/4/5Facsimile of a letter in the Wisbech Museum [1650] signed by O. Cromwell.
KHP46/30/7/20Cromwell's House in Westminster
KAcc731/K/182Letter to Oliver Cromwell from Wales
KAcc731/L/202Histoire d'Olivier Cromwell by Raguenet; printed, Paris.
KAcc731/G/60Oliver Cromwell to Oliver St John esq.; military matters
KAcc731/K/187Act renouncing the Title of Charles Stuart.
KAcc731/K/184Ordnance prohibiting Cock-Matches.
KAcc731/G/59Oliver Cromwell to his cousin Mrs St John; greetings to her and her family.
KHP46/30/2/11Postcard reproduction of baptism entry of Oliver Cromwell, 1599
KWH/L/46Maddison and Hinde's reproduction of the baptism entry for Oliver Cromwell.
KPGMD/2913/Z/10B/40Xerox of rent due - Lady Day 1633, including Oliver Cromwell's signature - estate not stated (some notes to June 1636)
KG/A/5/7Former Box 5 Bundle 7
KAcc731/A/6Account of £16,500 distributed to the distressed Protestants of Piedmont
KAcc731/H/166Memorandum by O. Cromwell concerning personal possessions of Oliver Cromwell, Protector
KHAC5/5432/28Papers about Cromwell from local historian John Hadley
KAcc731/H/138Appointment of Oliver Cromwell as High Steward of Cambridge.
KHP46/30/2/13Two lists, one typewritten, one handwritten, of Cromwell details in the All Saints register.
KHAC4/4554/1/70Bundle containing: prints of Oliver Cromwell, Hugh Peters, Thomas Fairfax (5 items); National Register of Archives report on school deeds collection.
KHAC3/3380/7Replica of Cromwell's baptism in St John's Huntingdon register (1599)
KHP46/30/6/19Engraving of Oliver Cromwell from a medal by Thomas Simon, entitled The Lord of Hosts.
KAcc731/H/162Copy of Dryden's Ode to Cromwell.
K23/1/1/48/785Lantern slide, Ely: Cromwell's House, front of St. Mary's Street.
KHAC4/4089Oliver Cromwell letters (copies of copies)
KHP46/30/6/25Coloured engraving by Hargrave and De la Roche, of Oliver Cromwell.
KAcc731/A/4Privilege granted by Oliver Cromwell to Richard Plumpton, cursitor of the Court of Chancery
KHP46/30/6/17Oliver Cromwell
KBLC/1/2/10Exemplification of an Act of Parliament
KPGMD/2913/Z/10B/6Xerox of Declaration of renewal and alteration to Huntingdon Borough Charter from Thomas Beard D.D., registrar and member of the Borough's Common Counsell
KAcc731/G/68Oliver Cromwell to his son Henry, Lord Deputy of Ireland, concerning a petition from the Chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland.
KAcc731/A/5Letters of administration granted by Oliver Cromwell to Elizabeth, widow of Francis Laminge, late of St Lawrence Jewry in London
KHP46/30/6/12Oliver Cromwell
KHAC5/5743Letter to the Admiralty and Navy dated 1657 and signed by Oliver Cromwell, with a 19th century explanatory text and two small engravings of Cromwell portraits. Also three printed Cromwell-Field family pedigrees
KCB/2/CL/17/2/Page 56vGrant by the Corporation of the office of High Steward of Cambridge to the Right Honourable Captain General Oliver Cromwell
KHP49/1/1/1Composite register
KHP46/30/2/10Two copies of a postcard depicting the baptismal entry of Oliver Cromwell, All Saints Church (1599), photographed by A. Maddison, Huntingdon.
KP54/28/1Order for Augmentation by Commissioners at Whitehall for Mr Richard Downds of East Meon authorised by John Nye, Registrar
KHAC5/5078Misc Huntingdonshire memorabilia
KAcc731/K/185Declaration by the Protector concerning the Peace of the Commonwealth.
KAcc731/G/62Oliver Cromwell to Col. Richard Norton, concerning a plan for marriage [of his son Richard Cromwell]
KAcc731/G/65Oliver Cromwell to Anthonie Hungerford esq.; apologies for not being at home to receive his calls
KAcc731/K/197A Short Genealogical Review of the Family of Oliver Cromwell; anon. [By Richard Gough; Society of Antiquities Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica no. XXXI, 1785; xviii pp + 2 tables + 64 pp.]
KAcc731/G/66Oliver Cromwell to his son-in-law, General Fleetwood; family greetings
KAcc731/G/61Oliver Cromwell to his brother-in-law [Valentine Wauton]; sending news of his son's death at the battle of Marston Moor
KAcc731/D/30Lease between Oliver Cromwell and Captain John Nicholas
KBLC/1/2/5/3Exemplification of the Second Adjudication
KAcc731/D/26Marriage settlement for the marriage of Richard Cromwell and Dorothy Major
KBLC/1/2/9"Cromwell's Ordnance and an Act of Parliament for Confirming the Same"
KHAC5/5481Bond: Oliver Cromwell to Arthur Ashton with translation
K23/1/1/48/786Lantern slide, Ely: Cromwell's House, interior.
KHMDC/15/12Pedigree of Oliver Cromwell [6 copies]
KAcc731/B/13Commission appointing Henry Cromwell Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
KAcc731/G/64Oliver Cromwell to his son Richard, concerning the aforesaid marriage
KAcc731/K/195Original Letters and Papers of State addressed to Oliver Cromwell [by John Nicholls, originally 1649-58; 164 pages plus index.]
KAcc731/K/181An Act touching the Registration of Marriages; also touching Births and Burials.
KAcc731/K/188Act for the Taking away of the Court of Wards and Liveries.
KAcc731/G/69Oliver Cromwell to an unnamed recipient, concerning the above petition
KAcc731/B/12Instructions to Henry Cromwell as Lord Deputy and to the Council of Ireland
KHAC1/1237/5Oliver Cromwell Exhibition poster and flyer
KAcc731/D/29Marriage settlement, by way of lease and release, for the marriage of Henry Cromwell and Elizabeth Russell
KHAC5/5743/1Letter to the Admiralty and Navy dated 1657 and signed by Oliver Cromwell, with a 19th century explanatory text and two small engravings of Cromwell portraits.
KHAC5/5742Folder of Cromwell Association correspondence and papers
KP80/1/1Composite register
KAcc731/D/27Bargain and sale between Oliver Cromwell and Francis Aleyene etc.
KAcc731/D/28Covenant to levy a fine, with fine and recovery, between Henry Somerset etc and Oliver Cromwell
KAcc731/K/179Part only of a printed letter from Oliver Cromwell in Ireland to Speaker Lenthall.
KHB1/1/13Letter patent of King Charles I
KHP72/8/1/1Vestry Minutes
KAcc731Bush Collection of Cromwell documents
KAcc731/N/212Autographed letter signed by Oliver Cromwell to his daughter-in-law Dorothy (Major, wife of Richard); expressing friendly sentiments and religious exhortation.
KMAN1/A/17/3/8/7Engraving titled "The daughter of Cromwell urging him to repentance"
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